The situation grew worse with the advent of international division of labour in the XIX century. Theories explaining prices through labour served to avail against a seemingly strange fact that prices worked in favour of those who did not do much labour. Now we know that prices are dependent on information factors (non-monetary) but the social thought first went to a simpler idea of energy and S.Podolinsky ("Slovo" April-May 1880,p.p.135-211) explained labour as the differential of energy potential of society. Implicitly his theory included information factors but monetary forces were still prevailing in all spheres of life and this offspring of non-monetarism went unnoticed.
The strongest impulse to non-monetarism was given by the Russian Revolution (1917). Half jokingly V.Lenin promised that public loos would be made from gold and a special state body GOSPLAN set working unrestricted by prices (alas prematurely).
Nobel prize winner V.Leontieff (former worker of GOSPLAN) in his formally monetary input-output analysis revealed a pure non-monetary fact: GNP is dependent not only on costs of production but on structures of sectors. Structure is a typical non-monetary factor that can not be expressed by a scalar price. Decades later a more radical non-monetary idea was expressed (P.Sraffa, Production of commodities by means of commodities, Cambridge, 1960 ). Prices presumably could be calculated from an input-output table. Hence market is not a source of prices but a machine controlled by physical structures. A very productive idea but a half done one - it did not include the processing of knowledge.
Though being far from scientific incentives GOSPLAN beared a truly novel non-monetary idea stealthily revealed in a rare publication by a prominent civil servant. (Yu.V.Yaremenko, Structurnie izmeneniya v socialisticheskoi ekonomike, Moscow, izd. "Mysl", 1981). Exploitation of labour so cherishingly ascribed to capitalism by communists was shown to be hidden in socialist economy in the mechanism of structural formation. The mechanism rests on existence of two non-monetary phenomena.
More about non-monetary economic ideas one can read in Non-monetary economic thought reflected in Russian history.